terça-feira, 31 de agosto de 2010

Self-confidence and Learning

What do you know about self-confidence?
By Nayla Schenka

To be self-confident is:

  • To believe in yourself;

  • To speak clearly to any audience;

  • To hold the head high in any situation;

  • To answer questions assuredly;

  • To show persistence in pursuing a goal.

Most important, it is someone who readily admits when he or she does not know something.

Self-confident people have qualities that everyone admires. They inspire confidence in others. Gaining the confidence of others is one of the key ways in which self-confident people can find success in everything they want.

Study more about self-confidence in order to enhance knowledge about yourself, the world and others.

There is a big challenge to learn a language beyond its phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon. Self-confidence, self-efficacy and self-esteem are keywords to overcome obstacles and achieve success.

Learn more! Click here . Work on your self-confidence and build the confidence of people around you!

Simple Present Statements


Simple present statements  are used to describe regular activities or things that are true "all the time". This tense is also used to describe daily routines. 

I eat breakfast at 7:00 a.m. every day. 
They don't like to get up early in the morning. 


Simple present statements are formed with a subject and the base form of the verb (the verb without any ending). However, with third person singular subjects (he/she/it), the verb takes an -s ending. 

 * Affirmative statements:  

subject + base form of the verb + complement 
      I             exercise                      every day                               

* Statements with third person singular subjects:  

He/She/It + base forms of the verb + -s/-es/-ies + complement 
       She                            exercises                           every day       

* Negative statements: 

subject + don't + base form of the verb + complement 

  I            don't          exercise                      every day 

* Negative statements with third person singular person subjects: 

He/She/It + doesn't + base form of the verb + complement 

      She       doesn't          exercise                      every day  

* Don't = do not 
* Doesn't = does not 


* Yes-No questions: 

Do + subject + base form of the verb + complement? 

Do       you               exercise              every day ? 

Short answer: Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

* Yes-No questions with third person singular subjects: 

Does + he/she/it + base form of the verb + complement? 

 Does        she               exercise                    every day?     

Short answer: Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 

* Information questions (WH-questions): 

Question word + do + subject + base form of the verb + complement? 

   Where              do       you                live                               in Rio?    

Answer:  I live in Tijuca. 

* Information questions with third person singular subjects: 

Question word + does + he/she/it + base form of the verb + complement? 

        Where         does           she                  live                        in Rio? 

Answer:  She lives in Tijuca, too. 

Spelling rules 

The spelling rules for the -s ending on verbs in the third personsingular are the same as for noun plurals. Here are some rules: 

* For most verbs: add -s 

                    Work - works        Listen - listens        Swim - swims 

* For verbs ending in o, s, ss, sh, ch, x or z: add -es 

                    Go - goes        Kiss - kisses        Watch - watches 

* For verbs ending in a consonant and y: change y to i and add -es 

                    Study - studies        Cry - cries        Try - tries 

* For verbs ending in a vowel and y: add -s 

                    Play - plays        Buy - buys        Say - says 

* Special third person singular forms: The third person singular form of have is has.  


"Have got" is mainly used in British English (BrE). You can also use "have" on its own (especially in American English - AmE). In this case, however, you must form negative sentences and questions with the auxiliary ver "do"

* Affirmative statements:  I have / I have got
* Affirmative statements - 3rd person singular:  He has / He has got  
* Negative statements:  You don't have / You haven't got 
* Negative statements - 3rd person singular:  She doesn't have / She hasn't got 
* Questions:  Do they have? / Do they have got?
* Questions - 3rd person singular:  Does she have? / Does she have got?   

Corpus information 

The simple present is about six times more frequent than the present continuous, and so it is taught first. 

Touchstone 1
Michael McCarthy
Jeanne McCarten
Helen Sandiford 
Cambridge University Press 


Simple Present Tense (Present Simple) - Introduction

Simple present is also called present simple.
Time line
The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.

Simple Present - Form 


example: I am hungry.  

  affirmative negative question
I    I am.       I am not.     Am I?
he/she/it    He is.       He is not.     Is he?
you/we/they    You are.       You are not.     Are you?


Job opportunities

Knowing English opens job and employment opportunities in many countries and markets. Multilateral institutions and agencies in the four United Nation cities of New York, Vienna, The Hague and Geneva recruit professionals with multilingual skills but also expect the candidates to have good English-speaking skills. The Commonwealth of Nations, made up of 50-plus countries that were former British colonies or dependencies, also offers numerous employment opportunities to those who understand and communicate in English.

Dear Students...

English is the fourth most widely spoken native language in the world, and in terms of sheer number of speakers, it is the most spoken official language in the world. It is the primary language used in international affairs. The English language has official status even in nations where it is not the primary spoken language. English is indisputably the primary language of global trade and commerce. In many countries, most tourism authorities and other officials in contact with the public speak English to interact and engage with tourists and immigrants.